1. Definition of semantics
  • Linguistics Rilating to word meanings, relating to meaning or the differences between meanigs of word symbols.
    • – Study of meaning in language (the study of how meaning in language) is created by the use and interlationship of words. Phrase, sentences.

      – Study of symbols. The study of the relationship between symbol and what they & represent.

      – Study of Logic. The study of ways of interpreting and analyzing theories of logic.

      (Encarta world english dictionary : (North American Edition) 2007 Theories of Logic)

    • 1894, from FR (Semantique) applied by Michel Breal (1883) to the pshycology of language from Greek (Semantikos) “significant” from semamein to show signify indicate by a sign, from sema “sign” (Dorc Sama) semantics : the study of the relationship between linguistics, symbol, and their meaning.
    • By Pricenton University (2006, ( of or relating) to meaning or the study or meaning : “semantics analysis”
    • In logic, a contradiction consists of a logical incompability between two or more propositions.

      Contradictory : two proposition are contradictories if both cannot be true (or both cannot be false at the same time).

      Example : he is brave and he is not brave.

      • If occurs when the proposition taken together yeild two conclusions which from the logical inversiorus of each other.
      • Of words or propositions so related that both cannot be true and both cannot be false. Perfect and inperfect” are contradic form terms.


  1. The study of meaning
    1. Is true depends on whether or not the speaker is, telling the truth.

      For example: I went to the shop this morning.

    2. Contradiction sentences, the truth of sentences.

      For example: all dogs are animals

    3. Ambigous sentences, is one way in which the meanings of words and phrases can be undear.

      For example: I saw her sleep.

    4. Vague, is a linguistics and philoshopical term. That a concept is vague is to sey that there maybe senses in wich there is he clear fact of matter wether of concept applies or not.

      For example: – Not clearly expressed

  • Not having a precise meaning.
  1. Anomalous sentence which have visual stucture or not capable to receive by mind.
  2. Synonimous, say the same thing the frist describes exactly what the socond describes no more, no less.

    For example: – you are too young to drink

  • You are not old enaugh to drink.
  1. The frist sentences implies the second but not vice versa.

    For example: – Jack spent several years in northern Tibet.

  • Jack was once in northern Tibet.
  • Descriptive meaning is that which derives from the function of language to communicate factual information, to describe events, object and states ot attairs.

    For example: Jhon is sleeping on the lounge.

  • Social meaning is that which we rely upon when we identify certain social characteristics of speakers and situations from the character of the language used.

    For example: Than I says to her she’s no better than what I am.

  • Effective meaning is the which conveys the language user’s feeling, attitudes and opinions about particular piece of information or about the ongoing context.

    For example: Jack, who always boasts about his PhD lectured me the entire evening on aboriginal art.


About RA Miftahul falah

Membangun Negeri dengan membina generasi islami
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